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 March, 2010

Book Review: A Continent in Tears
The Origin of Africa's Collapse and How To Reverse It

by Roland A. Y. Holou (USA)
Launching Africa into prosperity: a compelling solution-directed study of African culture, assets, underdevelopment, and potential by a native born African scientist. A deep analysis of the real causes of African poverty and the solutions to launch Africa prosperity with an insider’s review of deeply held beliefs and practices that bar progress. .... (continued below...)


Writing Techniques That Aid in Keeping Your Writing Cohesive


by Jane Sumerset

Cohesion is a crucial part of any piece of writing Without it, the reader will detect a lack of unity in the whole piece, potentially even losing sight of its major ideas

There are many devices that you can use to achieve this effect in your writing, with many of them requiring an unrequited attention to detail, along with numerous revisions of your piece.

Unfortunately, most average writing software isn't able to help in this area greatly. While some of the best ones may be able to offer suggestions, the bulk of the work should still rest on your shoulders.

There are three particular techniques that I always find myself returning to, when it comes to achieving unity in my writing. I especially favor them for their simplicity. In fact, if you keep them in mind, you will likely aid your writing's cohesiveness naturally, even without doing much other work towards it.

Transitions. Easily the most common way of achieving cohesion, this consists of using transitional words and phrases to relate one statement to previous ones. You will easily recognize them in the form of items like "therefore," "furthermore" and "for instance."

Repeating Key Words. One way to cement the relationship between one paragraph to another is to repeat key words between them. Key words are important nouns and verbs that create a great deal of impact in your piece. Repeating this key word and recognizable variations of it provides a quick reminder to the reader that two separate portions of the text may be hinting at the same idea.

Reference Words. Reference words are simply words that "refer" to subjects, actions and ideas put forth in previous parts of the text. They can come in the form of pronouns, but should also suffice when presented as other figures of speech.

Writing in a cohesive manner means you are doing a lot of things at the same time. Just like dealing with your imaginative mind, writing and putting words all together, grammar and spelling awareness, giving life to your writing and then coherent message suddenly appears.

However, students are the most common type of writer who could not produce effective cohesive writing. It doesn't matter who's to be blame, either the students or the how the method of learning how to write effectively with cohesion.

In order to achieve the necessary cohesion in writing, the most effective way is to revise your writings. It is very normal that after your first draft, there are still a lot of errors especially with your grammars, spellings and punctuations.

Besides, you also need to check if your sentences are being stated in a more detailed manner and where the flow of your content can really attract your readers interested. That is, to make it more appealing and worth reading.

Mostly, a writer with a creative mind about the subject can handle this task easily since you can visualize the main idea of your content. All you have to do is to organize your ideas well making it more cohesive in the eyes of your readers.

Find out how to write perfect English letters, reports and emails by writing less.


This article was first published by Writing and Speaking community, Feb 5, 2010




Continent in Tears.... (continued)

Indeed, because of the many miserable problems Africa is having, changes are needed in that continent to free the population from poverty. However, these changes cannot be introduced without having first discerned the foundation of the problems in an integrated way. It is very serious and dangerous to attack the consequences of a difficulty believing that they are the causes. Certain factors influencing the development of Africa have been studied by those outside Africa, but few thorough works by African scientists have systematically studied the real cause of Africa's misery through the practice of cramming, the African mentality, procreation, spiritual issues, politics, natural resource management, and the brain drain in the context of African countries. The purpose of this book is to fill this insufficiency of data and to show through a systemic analysis the causes, demonstrations and the consequences of the real difficulties of Africa, before suggesting ways to solve the problems. Special attention has been paid to the challenges facing intellectuals. This book provides to anyone interested in the development of Africa, a tool of information, reflection, and work on the true problems and solutions in these nations. Some ideas advanced in this book can be applied to other continents as well because some of the difficulties mentioned are encountered outside Africa.

Additionally, the book is available worldwide on book retailer websites such as Amazon, Barnes & Noble. It can also be ordered at www.outskirtspress.com/buybooks or through wholesale distributors such as Ingram, Baker & Taylor, etc.

About the Author
Born on September 18, 1975 in Benin (West Africa), Roland Holou holds the Diploma of Rural Development Controller. He prepared and acquired through self-teaching his High School diplomas having two majors: mathematics-physics in 1995 and biology-physics in 1996. He received a Bachelor’s Degree in Agronomy in 2001 and a Masters in Agricultural Engineering with honors in 2002. He worked as a Consultant and Researcher at the University of Abomey-Calavi in Benin before migrating to the US where he has lived as a permanent resident since 2003. He is graduating from the University of Missouri in 2010 his PhD in Plant, Insect, and Microbial Sciences. He authored 3 books on Africa Development, including "La faillite des Cadres et intellectuels africains" published by Editions l’Harmattan in France (http://harmattan.fr/index.asp?navig=catalogue&obj=livre&no=27138). He is a Member of several professional organizations including: (1) Association Des Ecrivains de Langue Française (French Writers' Association), (2) American Society of Agronomy, (3) Crop Science Society of America, (4) Soil Science Society of America, (5) Sweet Sorghum Ethanol Association, (6) International Association for Plant Biotechnology, (7) American Society of Plant Biologists, (8) American Association for the Advancement of Science, (9) Canadian Society for Engineering in Agricultural, Food, Environmental, and Biological Systems, (10) American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, (11) American Society for Microbiology, (12) American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, (13) Ecological Society of America, (14) Association Béninoise de Pastoralisme (Benin Association of Pastoralism), etc.

To contact the author, please email "rayholou@yahoo.fr"

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Publishing New Writers,

March, 2010 (no. 1103)


Bruce L. Cook
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Sanford, NC 27332

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